ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY LOGGING IN THE CONTEXT OF WATER LOGGED SOIL AND KNOB-
AND-RIDGE TERRAIN

Author(s): 
V. A. Ivanov1*, I.V. Grigorev2, G.D. Gasparyan1, A. YU. Manukovskij3, A.Y. Zhuk1, O. A. Kunickaya2, O. I. Grigor’eva4

Affiliation(s): 
1Bratsk State University, 665709, Irkutsk Region, Bratsk, ul. Makarenko 40.
2Yakut State Agricultural Academy, 677007, the city of Yakutsk, Sergelyakhskoye highway, 3rd km, house 3.
3Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education “Voronezh State University of Forestry and Technologies named after G. F. Morozov”, 394087, the city of Voronezh, Timiryazev street, house 8.
4St. Petersburg State Forestry University named after S.M. Kirov, 194021, St.Petersburg, Institutsky Prospect, 9, Apt. 22.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: vivanov33@yahoo.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Wood is an important building material. However, its major reserves are in hard-to-reach are-as, such as water-logged soils, mountain and knob-and-ridge terrains. This situation leads to large wood extraction costs, because vehicles are often out of order due to terrain complexity. Thus, there is a need to improve the efficiency of log skidding vehicles in hard-to-reach log-ging areas while reducing environmental damage. As a result, our mechanism is able to oper-ate effectively in places with hard-to-reach terrain.