DESIGN OF SOLID WASTE SEPARATION EQUIPMENT IN BAGHDAD CITY

Author(s): 

Nadhim M. Faleh1, Itimad D J Azzawi12*

Affiliation(s): 

1 Mechanical Engineering, University of Mustansiriyah, Baghdad, Iraq
2Mechanical Engineering, University of Diyala, Baqubaa, Iraq
*Corresponding Author Email: itimad1981@gmail.com

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

A massive number of weapons and solid waste are experienced since 1980 in Baghdad. The new government was forced to bury the solid waste in vast tracts, which is limited to waste pressing only without any separation process or recycling. As consequence, the environment suffers from pollution which can lead to various types of disease. According the local government of Baghdad city, the daily waste rate produced is about 11 thousand tons, which equivalents to more than 4 million tone every year. Without recycling this quantity of waste can therefore become a danger to the environment. Therefore, this study was seeked for two aims, initially, a statically information about the selected site was produced, then a machine for recycling process to eliminate reservation of large area used as a landfill was designed. Moreover, this machine was investigated analytically and experimentally system in the current study to separate three types of waste: PVC, glass and paper. This system is designed to be worked in automated minor to increase speed of operations and reduce costs. The results showed that this machine is a good first step for waste separation process.