STRESS AND VIBRATION ANALYSES OF THE WIND TURBINE BLADE (A NREL 5MW)

Author(s): 

Sura Zuheir1, Oday Ibraheem Abdullah1,2*, Mustafa Al-Maliki3

Affiliation(s): 

1Department of Energy Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq, sura.zuheir@gmail.com

2Hamburg University of Technology, Institute G-2/Amp Denickestrasse 17 (Building L), Room 2047 21073 Hamburg, Germany

3University of Technology, Iraq,  mahdeali35@gmail.com

*Corresponding Author Email: oday.abdullah@tuhh.de

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Owing to the fast development in the energy filed, the demand is increasing to improve energy efficiency and lifetime of wind turbine. Therefore, it’s important to understand deeply the behavior of wind turbine under different load conditions. This research paper provides an approach to study and analyze the stresses and deformations under the steady-state condition. Also, it was investigated the vibration characteristics of the NREL offshore 5-MW blade (HAWT) with a long of (61.5 m) and with rotor diameter (126 m). The 3D model of wind turbine blade was created by using SOLIDWORKS and then exported to ANSYS/Workbench19 in order to achieve the numerical simulation based on Finite element method. The steady-state analysis of the selected wind turbine blade was performed at maximum rated power (maximum rotation velocity =12.1 rpm). In this work, three different materials (E-glass fiber, Kevlar, and Carbon fiber reinforced plastic) were selected to build the body of the wind blade parts. The results presented the von-Mises stresses, total deformations, first ten natural frequencies and mode shapes of NREL 5-MW wind turbine blade. In steady-state analysis, it was found that the optimum material was (CFRP) where the minimum level of stresses occurred. In vibration analysis, it was found the material that has a higher structural stiffness is CFRP material which avoids high frequencies and mode shapes.