MULTIPLE MODERN METHODS FOR IMPROVING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL EFFICIENCY BY COOLING: A REVIEW

Author(s): 

Ahmed MohsinAlsayah1,2*, Mahdi Hatf Kadhum Aboaltabooq1, Mahir H. Majeed1, Amjed Abdulelah Al-Najafy1

Affiliation(s): 

1Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University

2Al-Najaf International Airport

*Corresponding Author Email: ahmad.m.alsaiah@gmail.com

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Photovoltaic cell temperature directly affects the performance and efficiency of the photovoltaic cell. For the purpose of obtaining the highest electrical efficiency and the best performance of the photovoltaic cell, the temperature of the cell should be reduced. The choice of method and good technique with the temperature-lowering label is the right way to obtain the best results that lead to increasing the cell lifetime, increase its efficiency and achieve a clear increase in the performance of the cell, which reduces the possibility of cell destruction. The heat produced by reducing the cell temperature should be invested and used in several applications, including heating and drying and to other applications. In this research, a comprehensive review of the methods of reducing the cell temperature and study of these methods in depth was focused on the type of fluid that cool the cell. The results obtained were focused on the economic feasibility of the financial costs and their consumption of electricity. The aim of the study is to find out all the good ways to reduce the temperature of the cell and its benefits and the difference between each way and the advantages and disadvantages of each method.This paper has revealed that it also focused on determining which technologies are appropriate and easy to use and give good results. The study recommends the need for independent research on the economic feasibility of cells for cooling photovoltaic cells.