THE BREAKTHROUGH TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS FOR CONTROL AND TREATMENT OIL SPILL ON THE SEA: A SHORT REVIEW

Author(s): 

Dang Hoang Anh

Affiliation(s): 

Vietnam Maritime University, 484 Lach Tray Street, Hai Phong City, Vietnam

*Corresponding Author Email: anhdh@vimaru.edu.vn

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

In recent years, all countries in the world are very interested in the effects of pollutants affecting human health, the living environment in general and especially pollution of water sources and oceans on the earth’s surface. The cause of this pollution is largely due to human use of chemicals and fuels from many different sources, especially oil. The exploitation and transportation of crude oil are increasing according to the common development of humanity. Since people discovered and exploited oil, the oil spill at sea began to appear. Since ancient times, oil spills on the sea have been a threat to the marine environment in general, coastal ecosystems in particular and damage to economic activities. It is the concern of all humanity. Every year, we still have to witness many accidents from tankers making millions of tons of oil spilled into the sea, causing great consequences for the natural resources and environment on the earth. In order to overcome the oil spills on the sea, people have also found a way to deal with them, and many processing methods were created to overcome the above problems such as mechanical methods, chemical methods, biological methods. The application of scientific and technological advances in information technology and biotechnology have been creating breakthroughs in forecasting and controlling oil spills at sea. The paper focuses on an overview of pollution problems from ships, especially oil pollution from tankers and the consequences of oil pollution on the marine environment. Moreover, the authors learn and evaluate some specific advanced technology solutions to prevent oil pollution from ships, effective feasible solutions that need to be applied in practice.