AN OVERVIEW STUDY ON THE LASER TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS IN THE MECHANICAL AND MACHINE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

Author(s): 

Minh Quang Chau*

Affiliation(s): 

Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

*Corresponding Author Email: chauminhquang@iuh.edu.vn

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Laser is considered one of the most influential inventions in the twentieth century and laser technology has been contributing in many areas of life. Today, in any field of manufacturing, laser technology also presents value and brings a range of specific benefits to the field such as machine manufacturing and mechanical tools. Thanks to the cutting edge cleaning ability, delicate welding lines, strong etching strokes, high power operation, accurate distance measurement capability, laser technology has gradually conquered and dominated the mechanical market, especially in the field of material handling, metal parts. Using lasers to cut metal creates highly detailed and continuous details, lines, shapes, patterns … that open new avenues for the mechanical and machine-building industry. Using laser engraving machines, it will process complex and sophisticated details, saving time and manpower costs. High processing speed, smooth cutting surface and easy programming are the advantages that laser cutting technology offers to this industry. Lasers can be cut on different sheet metal or tubular surfaces at extremely fast speeds on tools, machine parts and even small-sized cutting workpieces. This paper will present an overview of laser technology and its common applications in the mechanical and machine-building industry. The analysis and evaluation in this paper will provide an update on the level of development of laser technology in the current industry age 4.0. In addition, it is a common picture and achievements of the machine manufacturing industry achieved with the support of “Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation”.